Added: Marcial Hanscom - Date: 29.10.2021 21:08 - Views: 42986 - Clicks: 3000
The agents range from harmless but ineffective tonics to powerful chemicals that are banned in some countries and many states in this country. It seems almost too good to be true: The right supplement, or combination of them, is the panacea mankind has craved over the millennia, the secret for a long, healthy life.
If you believe the advertisements, that is. They seem strangely familiar, these. Potions, oils, and elixirs of health and eternal youth were sold via newspapers, door to door, and at carnivals, by purveyors of magic remedies. Have we not learned anything since the days of the snake-oil salesmen?
Or is it that we long for that simpler time, when medical science was more personal, before inconveniences like FDA regulations and double-blind clinical trials complicated our lives? If these come in a bottle, we all want our share. A survey by National Public Radio, the Kaiser Family Foundation, and the Kennedy School at Harvard found that half of all adult Americans some million of us believe that dietary supplements other than the standard vitamins and minerals are generally good for our health. Eighteen percent of this national sample 38 million say they use these products regularly.
Not coincidentally, the marketing of these supplements has become big business, both in the United States and abroad. These substances are promoted to aid weight loss; bolster the immune system, ts, and Brain prep supplement induce sleep; build muscle; prevent cancer and cognitive decline; preserve memory; lift mood; and enhance sex. How can we explain their tremendous growth over the past few years, when they have been around for a long time?
How much of the advertising hype is true? Starting in the early s, federal laws were passed to protect the public from food-borne illness. Subsequent Brain prep supplement added drugs and cosmetics to the list of regulated areas, culminating in the establishment of an independent federal Food and Drug Administration in Catastrophic events, most notably the accidental poisoning deaths of people in by an antibiotic sulfanilamide contaminated with ethylene glycol, led to the fairly stringent pharmaceutical and food-additive regulations we have today—or had, I should say, until David Kessler, in Kessler was determined Brain prep supplement increase federal oversight of DNS, which at that time were regulated as food additives.
The FDA plan was to put supplements in the same category as food additives, requiring nutritional labeling and demonstration of safety prior to marketing. The supplement industry rightly perceived a threat to their marketing practices and thus their bottom line. Manufacturers banded together with their supporters in the U. The manufacturers, through their industry group, the Nutritional Health Alliance, organized what is still regarded as one of the consummate letter-writing campaigns in modern times, mobilizing hundreds of thousands of their adherents in This was nonsense, of course, but had the intended effect.
DNS fell actually, propelled itself into a regulatory never-never land, unleashing upon unsuspecting American consumers a new age of health care marketing. One glance at the aisles of a health food store or drugstore will reveal how little these regulations have restricted Brain prep supplement marketing of these items.
The FDA no longer can require, nor even request, manufacturers of DNS to show that the ingredients they are promoting and selling are effective or safe—or even in the bottle—before they offer them to their customers. Outside labs that have assayed samples of various DNS have found wide variations from lot to lot in the concentration of ingredients.
While food additives have to be shown Brain prep supplement at least be known to be safe, and prescription drugs must survive a long, expensive process to prove safety and efficacy, DNS can be distributed to the public with little more than a plant to manufacture pills and a scheme to market them.
There are now fewer regulations on supplement safety than on consumer products such as vacuum cleaners and toasters. On average it may take 15 years, 68 trials, and half a billion dollars to get a new chemical approved as a pharmaceutical; it can take as little as a few weeks—and no trials at all—to get your supplement line rolling off the conveyor belt.
There are an estimated 1, or more supplement manufacturers selling more than 25, products in a regulatory Wild West where all Americans are fair game. What is the price we pay for this turn of events? If a supplement is no better than a placebo, the harm may be purely economic, but what about toxicity?
Even approved, fully tested pharmaceuticals can have unpredictable side effects despite appropriate warnings by the prescribing physician. For example, a study appearing in the Journal of the American Medical Association estimated that abouthospitalized Americans may have suffered a fatal reaction to drugs during one recent year, How many of the million adults—and children—who ingest DNS meet a similar fate? We do not know; no one keeps track. The only method of overseeing is a Good Manufacturing Practices guideline—and adherence to it by the industry is entirely voluntary.
But there is no required Brain prep supplement of reporting, on a nationwide basis, bad reactions to DNS. We must rely on a sketchy patchwork of reports voluntarily called in to regulatory agencies and on the statistics kept by some states. The are scary. While the FDA reported just over 2, adverse events related to DNS use from throughthe American Association of Poison Control Centers received information on more than 6, such events in alone. Almost two-thirds involved children under six—not surprising, since DNS, unlike pharmaceuticals, tend not to have childproof caps.
Victims include adults trying to avoid the hassles of a visit to Brain prep supplement doctor, with its tedious HMO paperwork; children whose parents fall for the marketing charisma of the latest energy- or concentration-booster or calming agent; and adolescents seeking to build muscles or lose weight quickly. An amazing 1 out of 5 parents admits to administering one or more supplements to their children, and as many as 2 out of 5 high-school senior boys are taking creatine, said to be a muscle builder.
These so-called functional foods are ubiquitous; more and more snack foods seem to contain some herbal booster.
Brain prep supplement that bottle does, the next bottle may not. There is no requirement for strict quality control. The only actions the FDA can take against a potential DNS problem are to document that the product in question is the likely source of a problem unlike pharmaceuticals, for which a mere whiff of suspicion will invoke a near-automatic recall and then issue a consumer advisory, warning the public with three progressive degrees of urgency not to use it.
These advisories are usually accompanied by a request to the manufacturer to recall the product, which it may, or may not, do. Only in rare situations involving an imminent threat to the public health can the FDA secure a court order to remove the offending substance from the shelves.
All sides agree that the FDA is woefully understaffed and under-funded to monitor the 25, DNS on the market actual and cyber. Does one thing have to do with the other? You decide. Consider just one example of a DNS with harmful effects, the herbal supplement ephedra, also known as Ma Huang. Beginning inas reports accumulated from around the country on adverse reactions and even fatalities, FDA Commissioner Kessler tried to have ephedra removed from consumer products.
As recently as last August, under a different commissioner, a federally convened hearing on ephedra took testimony from victims of toxic reactions or their survivors. Along with the few victims, however, the testimony of many supplement manufacturers was heard. The result? Nothing was done to restrict ephedra.
Dangerous contaminants periodically show up in batches of DNS. Perhaps the best-known occurrence was inwhen a batch of the amino acid L-tryptophan, marketed as a sleep aid, was eventually found to be contaminated with a toxin that caused several hundred cases of eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, a chronic muscle disorder. People nowadays fear chemicals and Brain prep supplement science. Perhaps it emanates from real and perceived public health failures, such as mad cow disease and thalidomide.
Not so. Supplement marketers have discovered fertile ground in the perennial human longing for eternal youth, including retaining youthful energy and intellect Brain prep supplement old age. One of our greatest fears, outweighing almost any other except, perhaps, fear of cancer, is cognitive decline. In polls, fear of dementia and stroke consistently surpasses fear of heart attack.
Is there any real hope for us in these substances so glibly and widely promoted, or is it all hype? Unfortunately, that is part of the problem. The Internet, like the Bible, proffers information to bolster almost any position you might take. Older Americans are disproportionately affected by the DNS hype. Some supplementation is often medically indicated, but senior citizens are susceptible Brain prep supplement shrewd marketing aimed at exploiting these needs.
To make matters worse, two-thirds of those over 65 take at least one prescription drug daily; one-quarter take three or more. When a DNS is added to this brew, the potential for adverse interactions soars.
A survey commissioned by the American Council on Science and Health in found that more than half of those over 50 reported taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs regularly, and more than half of those who took drugs also took DNS.
Thus, more than one-quarter of those over age 50 may be at risk for drug-supplement interactions. Let us look at some popular supplements promoted for their effects on cerebral function. But why would one take a supplement without at least one of Brain prep supplement goals in mind?
Marketed for improving memory and concentration and as an anti-oxidant the latter supposedly being protective of brain cellsginkgo is among the most popular remedies on the market, with perhaps 11 million users in this country.
It is used as a prescription drug in Germany, where herbal products are evaluated and regulated by a federal agency called Commission E. The toxicity of Brain prep supplement is of concern, as it can interact with anticoagulants to provoke bleeding; it may also interact negatively with anti-depressants.Brain prep supplement
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