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Full black people Black population of the United States is growing. Inthere were Black Americans are diverse. This group consists of people with varied racial and ethnic identities and experiences. It also includes Hispanics or Latinos who say their race is Black. This fact sheet is a profile of the demographic, geographic and economic characteristics of the U.
Black population in In order to present detailed data about this group, charts and analysis about the Black population are analyzed through the lens of four different demographic groups:. Scroll down or click through the bar on the left to see various demographic and economic characteristics of the U.
Black population. for a downloadable spreheet of these findings. The analysis presented in these fact sheets about the Black population in the United States uses the latest demographic data available. It is based on data from the U. In addition, the racial and ethnic used by the U. Census Bureau can change as the way the nation Full black people itself changes.
These changes, in turn, may impact how many people identify as Black or any other race.
Black population or total Black population refers to anyone who self-identifies as Black in the United States. This includes those who say their race is only Black; those who say Black is one of two or more races in their background; and those who say they their race is Black, or say that one of their races is Black but also indicate they Full black people of Hispanic or Latino or Black Full black people. The terms Black population and Black people are used interchangeably in these fact sheets. The terms single-race Black and Black alone are used interchangeably throughout these fact sheets to refer to the same population.
This population is made up of individuals who self-identify only as Black and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. The term multiracial Black is used to refer to people who self-identify as two or more races and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. The term Black Hispanic is used to refer to those who self-identify as Black and Hispanic or Latino, as well as those who self-identify as multiracial Black and Hispanic or Latino.
Foreign born refers to persons born outside of the United States to parents neither of whom was a U. The terms foreign born and immigrant are used interchangeably in these fact sheets. In these fact sheets, we refer to several generations. These are defined by their birth years Full black people ages in as follows:.
There were The Black population has grown by more than 10 million sincewhen More than 4. This is an increase fromwhen 2. Inthe single-race non-Hispanic Black population was the largest demographic subgroup of U.
More than 4 million members of this population were born outside of the U. This is an increase overwhen 1. Part of this is due to expansions in how the Census Bureau asks about ethnic and racial identity. Starting inthe bureau has provided respondents with the option to identify as more than one race. Besides that, younger multiracial people are more likely to identify with multiple racial or ethnic identities, on forms or otherwise.
In addition, there are people with multiple racial identities in their family history who do not describe themselves as multiracial.
This suggests that there is likely a discrepancy between the of multiracial Black people in the U. The multiracial non-Hispanic Black population is the second-largest subgroup included in this analysis, with around 3. It has grown from roughly 1. There were roughly 2. This population has grown from roughly 1 million in to 2.
The U. Black population is young and growing. The median age of Black Full black people in was 32, six years younger than the U. Over a third of the U. The single-race Black population is young and growing. The median age of single-race Black people in was 35, three years younger than the full U. The fertility rate among single-race Black women in the U. The multiracial population pyramid shows that this population is young and growing.
The median age of multiracial Black people in was 16, making this the youngest subgroup of the Black population and ificantly younger than the U. The fertility rate among multiracial Black women in the U. The Full black people Black Hispanic population is young and growing. The median age of this population group in was 22, making Black Hispanics the second-youngest group included in this analysis, and notably younger than the U.
The fertility rate among Black Hispanic women in the U. Regionally, the highest concentration of Black people in the U. When it comes to states of residence, Texas is home to the largest Black population, at about 3. Florida comes in a close second with 3. The most populous metropolitan area of residence for all Black people in is New York City, with 3. In a distant second is Atlanta, with 2. The South is the region with the highest concentration of the single-race U.
Texas is home to the largest of Black people of any state, with around 3. Georgia and Florida are home to the next largest populations of this population, with roughly 3. Additionally, these three states are home to some of the urban areas with the highest shares of single-race Black people. Other top metropolitan areas include Atlanta, Washington, D. Regionally, the South is home to the highest concentration of the multiracial population in the U. California is the top state of residence for multiracial Black people, with overTexas is home to roughlymultiracial Black people, while Florida has roughlyNew York City is the metropolitan area with the highest of multiracial Black residents and is home to roughlymembers.
Other top metropolitan areas for this subgroup include Washington D. New York is the top state of residence for the Black Hispanic population, with roughlypeople. Florida is home to the second-highest of this population, with , and California comes in third withNew York City is the metropolitan area with the largest share of the Black Hispanic population and is home to roughlyOther top metropolitan areas include MiamiFull black people, Bostonand Los Angeles 70, Roughly one-in-five Black Hispanic people lived in non-family households.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the Full black people.
It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Newsletters Donate My. Research Topics. Home Research Topics. Fact Sheet March 25, In order to present detailed data about this group, charts and analysis about the Black population are analyzed through the lens of four different demographic groups: U.
Black population which is inclusive of the following three Full black people subgroups : Single-race, non-Hispanic Black people Multiracial, non-Hispanic Black people Black Hispanic people Scroll down or click through the bar on the left to see various demographic and economic characteristics of the U. Unless otherwise noted, adults are those who are ages 18 and older. For this analysis, Generation Z is defined as those ages 7 to 22 in All Black.
Single race, non-Hispanic. Multiracial, non-Hispanic. Black Hispanic. Hispanic Black. Follow Us.Full black people
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Facts About the U.S. Black Population