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When the glossy new calendars start arriving in December, it probably doesn't occur to you that New Year's Day was not always 1 January.
Furthermore, it may not be obvious how this can affect your genealogical research. Calendars were developed to make sense of the natural cycle of time: days and years from the solar cycle, months from the lunar cycle.
It took some experimentation before folks got it to the current system. There are many calendars, but for right now, we need be concerned only with the Julian and Gregorian calendars. The Julian calendar resulted from Julius Caesar's reformation of the system to conform more closely to the seasons. The Gregorian calendar was Pope Gregory XIII's solution for the gradual problem that had developed with the Julian calendar: over time the calendar was 10 days off the natural solar cycle. To compensate, the Gregorian calendar dropped 10 days from October in And to keep this problem of extra days from reoccurring, one day was added to February in every year divisible by 4.
This may alternately be shown as 23 January O. The Gregorian calendar was adopted by different nations at different times. It was generally adopted by Britain and her colonies in The day added to the calendar every four years leap year meant that the calendar was now 11 days out of sync with the solar cycle. To take care of this, the system was adjusted so that the leap day is dropped from Genealogy double dating century mark not divisible by 4.
Why do you need to be aware of this interesting bit of trivia? The calendar change makes dates in the Genealogy double dating of January, February, and up to 25 March, prior tosubject to double dating. This doesn't actually change the date of his birth, merely the way it is expressed.
InFebruary was almost the end of the year because began on 25 March. After the year there are two things to contend with: the dropping of 11 days, and the change of the beginning of the year from 25 March to 1 January.
The calendar change affects your research because it is sometimes hard to determine whether the dates are meant to be old style or new style. You may think that the change was not ificant enough to Genealogy double dating a difference in your research, but it does.
If you find records that indicate Abraham was born on 27 March and his younger sister Ruth was born on 23 Marchyou may think there is something wrong. In reality, it is likely correct, because 23 March of in the old style calendar followed 27 March by about 12 months.
Though the difference of 11 days can explain some records he died on the third of the month but was not buried until the thirteenthgenealogists should not convert dates to for the day difference unless the old style date would cause confusion. If it does, change it, but indicate that the date has been conformed to the new style calendar. Or leave it as is and explain the seeming discrepancy.
The change in calendar can also explain the seemingly erroneous court item that shows the will was dated 3 Decemberand proved in court 1 January Once you understand this, you need to show it in your records, or others will think you Genealogy double dating erred.
Be sure to use a slash and not a dash; it is the slash that clarifies you are referring to the double dates caused by calendar changes. Don't just convert the date with no explanation. If you do prefer to express it in new style N. For more on calendar history see www.
It is important to interpret carefully when faced with dates that were shown in months. This prevalent Quaker custom was also used by some others. It is best, in extracting records that are expressed in months, to write Genealogy double dating in your abstract as shown in the original record. If you want to show it also as it would be under the present calendar, add that in brackets. Genealogy: Using the Right Calendar When the glossy new calendars start arriving in December, it probably doesn't occur to you that New Year's Day was not always 1 January.
Tree Tips Though the difference of 11 days can explain some records he died on the third of the month but was not buried until the thirteenthgenealogists should not convert dates to for the day difference unless the old style date would cause confusion. Find information on geneology.
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